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'''Note by El_Angelo''': This part is really very confusing. Just to clarify
'''Note by El_Angelo''': This part is really very confusing.
Just to clarify : the iso will write a lilo.conf that is not correct.
what it will write:
what it will write:
boot = /dev/md0
boot = /dev/md0
Revision as of 15:13, 18 January 2008
Software raid is a relatively powerful way of achieving better performance and/or reliability (redundancy). There is no automated way of setting this up in lunar yet but it's fairly easy to do manually.
First setup your box with the number of hard disks you need and boot the ISO. As soon as you boot into the installer and have selected language and locale stuff, switch to vc/2 and start with the manual part of the software raid setup
Setup your partitions and make sure you have some space left over for later to resize and move stuff if needed. Make sure you set your partition type as linux-raid-autodetect (0xfd). Otherwise you won't be able to boot from the partitions.
cd /tmp sfdisk -d /dev/hda > dump sfdisk -i /dev/hdb < dump
This formats the second disc identically to the first one, especially usefull for RAID-1 setups
Setting up your RAID devices
go to /tmp and create a new raidtab file:
raiddev /dev/md0 raid-level 1 nr-raid-disks 2 nr-spare-disks 0 persistent-superblock 1 chunk-size 32 device /dev/hda1 raid-disk 0 device /dev/hdb1 raid-disk 1
Now, since this is sitting on tmpfs you will lose your data if you reboot so be careful. The next step is to initiate the raid device so that it's actively mirroring them (or striping depending on your setup).
mkraid --really-force --configfile /tmp/raidtab /dev/md0
The raid driver will start syncing the discs and you can check progress with:
Formatting the filesystem
From now on, you'll refer to your disks as /dev/md0 instead of hda1 etc. So the same goes with formatting. You can format and work with the disks even when syncing is in progress:
It might be a bit slower due to the syncing going on. I advice you to have the unit finish syncing before you reboot, if only to make sure there's no bad sectors on the units and all is OK for normal work.
Saving your config raidtab
You should of course save your raidtab file and most likely you will want to save it as /etc/raidtab on the raid-device itself. You'll need to mount it therefore:
mount /dev/hda1 /mnt mkdir /mnt/etc cp /tmp/raidtab /mnt/etc/raidtab umount /mnt
Now you're ready to install lunar in the normal way!
Installing on RAID
The last step is to let the normal installer code handle the partitions. For this reason, the installer allows you to pass an arbitrary block device name as an additional hard disk partition. In the partition selection, you select 'Add...' device and enter '/dev/md0'. Make sure you don't format the partition and select the right filesystem. Alternatively, you could have skipped to formatting and let the lunar ISO installer handle it as well.
As maybe known, only lilo can directly boot from software raid but with tricks grub can read the underlaying partition on only one of the raid devices, which will obviously not work with striping raid setups. Make sure you pass the proper device names to the lilo.conf. Your mileage may vary.
Referring to the Lunar ISO 1.5.1: to have LILO boot from the software raid, all you have to do is make sure that /etc/lilo.conf has the following lines for boot and root:
boot = /dev/hda # the fysical drive to boot from root = /dev/md2 # the raid-partition that your root-resides on
Note by El_Angelo: This part is really very confusing. Just to clarify : the iso will write a lilo.conf that is not correct. what it will write:
boot = /dev/md0 root = /dev/md2
while it should be:
boot = /dev/hda #or sda or whatever root = /dev/md2
If you have an older machine and/or a less intelligent BIOS, you might have to tell LILO where to find the boot-stuff by providing the disk's fysical details. More information on that subject can be found in this howto.