I have moved the original contents of this page elsewhere, reformatting and updating on the way. However, I have provided so many references to this page in the Lunar Forums that I can't remove it completely, and so I leave a skeleton to show the way, just like Billy Bones in Treasure Island.
Please follow the appropriate link to the updated page.
A Newbie's experience installing, and upgrading, Lunar Linux 1.5.1
I started using Unix V7 on a PDP-11/70 back in 1983, even modifying some existing kernel drivers for the Cambridge Ring local area network. After that I dabbled in system administration of various Sun and Apollo systems until 1991, and HP boxes up until 2000, but my main task has always been application software development, nothing on the hardware or kernel side. Since 2000 we've had dedicated system administrators at work. We had switched from NCD X-terminals over to Linux desktops (first RedHat, but then Lunar) and I realized that what little I knew had become well out of date. I installed RedHat on an old 90MHz PC at home more than five years ago, but without a LAN or modem connection it was too difficult to keep up to date, I lost interest, and that died. Since then I've had an itch to develop a spiffy FLTK user interace for some old command line tools using Cygwin/Mingw on a WinXP laptop (with modem) but the machine is (a) painfully slow, and (b) painfully Windows. The time had come to get some new hardware, install an operating system that doesn't thwart you at every turn, and set up a programming environment of my own choice. Read more...
Installing Lunar Linux 1.6.0 (coming soon, maybe)
In April 2006, the Lunar-1.6.0-i686 ISO was released, but I don't have enough spare time to look at installing it. Not just yet anyway.
Installing Lunar Linux 1.6.4 (Lacus Autumni)
Lunar Linux 1.6.4 (Lacus Autumni) was announced in December 2008, and installation and update was initially pretty smooth and uneventful. But as 2009 rolled on, and new versions of certain key modules were rolled out and were out of step with each other, upgrading from the 1.6.4 ISO became difficult. Here's the Update Workaround HOWTO that I put together in September. This is no longer required! Soon after this, other key module releases brought harmony again, and these instructions became obsolete.
In February 2010, with the 184.108.40.206 kernel, updating udev from 141 to 151 caught me out. I don't remember the exact wording, but udev-151 requires that SYSFS_DEPRECATED is disabled in the kernel configuration. Finding SYSFS_DEPRECATED_V2 in the kernel didn't take long, but it took a lot longer to track down that GFS_FS also needed to be disabled...
Also in February 2010, installed 1.6.4 on a new Acer-AX5810 box with NVIDIA GeForce G210 card. This obviously requires the some kernel settings, and to install the NVIDIA module. All well and good, but after every kernel update and reboot you need to lrm NVIDIA, and then lin -rc NVIDIA again otherwise it won't install properly. This has bitten me several times after a lunar update...
Installing Lunar Linux 1.6.5 (Mare Ingenii)
After corruption of the superblock on my /boot partition on an HP Pavilion t3190(?), I decided to installed the 1.6.5-beta1 ISO. The initial installation and update went without problem. XOrg7 appeared to install OK, but when I ran 'startx' the console went blank. Searching the web, and asking on #lunar revealed that I needed the i915 driver for my Intel graphics card, with an entry in /etc/modules for 'i915 modeset=1'. Close, but no cigar! That's when my troubles started, with the console going into powersave mode on reboot. After much trial and error, I discovered that the kernel requires:
CONFIG_DRM_I915=m CONFIG_DRM_I915_KMS=y CONFIG_FRAMEBUFFER_CONSOLE=m
The first would imply having i915 in /etc/modules, but in fact it is trumped by the second, and you don't need the i915 module at all. But the KMS line also enables ACPI in the kernel, which causes the console blanking. To solve that problem, you do need to have fbcon in /etc/modules. Or to disable the powersave mode settings while you configure all of this, you need a lilo.conf entry such as the following
image = /boot/220.127.116.11-i686 label = 18.104.22.168-acpi append="acpi=off"
At a certain point, there was an update to the linux-2.6 module that took it from 22.214.171.124 to 126.96.36.199, which I duly installed on my new test box, only to find that I couldn't reboot. The previous kernels had identified the disk as /dev/sda, but the new kernel decided it was /dev/sdb instead. This could be overcome by adding 'root=/dev/sdb3' on the lilo boot line, but then gave problems with /etc/fstab. To cut a long story short, I rebooted to the old kernel and changed /dev/fstab to use UUID instead. To find/create the UUIDs:
tune2fs -l /dev/sda1 swapoff -a # I'm lazy mkswap /dev/sda2 # mkswap creates with UUID by default swapon -a tune2fs -l /dev/sda3
I even updated /etc/lilo.conf to add an 'append="root=/dev/sdb3"' for the 188.8.131.52 entry, and I could reboot, *and* mount the file systems.
Soon after this the 1.6.5-rc1 ISO was released, and as this was a test box anyway, with nothing really installed on it except for gnome test system that was inconsistent and didn't work, I wiped the system and re-installed from scratch.
1.6.5 Installation Times
Just out of curiosity, and for information to others, I decided to time how long it took to install a "minimal" desktop system from scratch on a relatively new system and a 9-year-old relic. I have two 5-year-old boxes I might add in the future.
It's clear that you probably don't want to install Lunar on really old hardware, unless you have a lot of patience, or can use
|System||CPUs*bogomips ||RAM||Disk ||Install||lin gcc...||lin linux-2.6||lunar update||lin XOrg7||lin xfce4||TOTAL|
|Acer AX5810||4 * 4988||6 Gb||1681 / 129 MB/s||0h11||1h01||0h12||0h20||0h23||0h14||2h21|
|Vaio FX401||1 * 1600||512Mb||179 / 17 MB/s||0h18||11h26||3h37||2h44||3h12||2h15||23h32|
grep bogomips /proc/cpuinfo
hdparm -t -T /dev/sdX
The basic procedure:
- install from the ISO, and take the pre-compiled kernel, and reboot
lunarand set number of parallel makes to 4 in Options / Optimize Architecture
- do the
lin gcc glibc gcc bash coreutils tar wgetdance from
lin linux-2.6to explicitly build a new kernel, and reboot
lunar updateto rebuild any outdated parts of the core system
lin XOrg7to build X
lin xfce4to build Xfce4
After the first reboot I primed the system by copying sources from /var/spool/lunar on another up-to-date machine to avoid download delays and glitches.
When asked questions about optional depends, etc. I simply hit return to accept the default values. I did not reconfigure the kernel. I used
lin --deps for the XOrg7 and xfce4 builds to pre-answer the questions before kicking off the real builds so I could leave them unattended without adding delays for prompts to timeout.
NOTE: this procedure is for timing purposes only, I still have to go back and install the correct drivers for X, etc.
To be continued...